IV 2013

Physical – chemical analyses of the wall tiles from Herbst Palace in Łodź for the purpose of their reconstruction
The wall ceramic tiles manufactured by Villeroy & Boch plants from the turn of nineteenth / twentieth century have been studied. The walls of the bathroom in the Herbst Palace being currently a room of the Museum of Art were covered by them. The macroscopic, microscopic and physical – chemical analyses (XRD, ICP-OES) of the body and glazes were made. The results of those analyses were used to reconstruct of the tiles with the same colour which had been used to conservation and restoration of the historic bathroom.
prof. ASP Henryk Stoksik Ph.D. Eng.

The Ceramics of the Nasca Culture
In the article the author describes the ceramics of the Nasca culture which developed on the southern Peruvian coast in the period of approximately A.D. 1-700. The ceramists of this ancient Indian society created extraordinarily colorful and masterfully made vessels with the use of simple techniques. The wares were decorated with the use of multicolor slips. The ancient Nasca potters achieved in this activity mastery which wasn’t surpassed by any other culture from this area. In the article the process of vessels production and decoration was described. Scenes and images which were depicted
Marek Łasisz M.Sc.

Cadinen painters on ceramics
This article presents the history of artistic majolica and terracotta workshop, founded in 1904 in Kadyny, on the Vistula Lagoon by Wilhelm II. The author discussed the main trends in ceramic art and painting and their evolution up to the 20’ Twentieth century also made silhouettes of the greatest painters on ceramics associated with Kadyny.
Barbara Pospieszna Ph.D.

Clays from selected lignite deposits in Poland as a potential Raw material for ceramic industry

Accompanying clay raw materials from lignite mines located in Central Poland were tested as raw materials for building ceramics industry. It was concluded that mineral composition has a decisive impact on technological properties of clay rocks. Rocks containing mixture of kaolinite, smectites and quartz have the best properties for ceramic uses. Clayey rocks overlie “Adamów” lignite deposit. On the other hand, most of clayey rocks from “Szczerców” deposit showed too high shrinkage and plasticity. This property can be easily correlated with very high content of smectites. Only few samples from “Szczerców” deposit have good ceramic properties, but unfortunately contain too many larger grains of carbonates, which makes them impossible to use in building ceramics industry.

Arkadiusz Gąsiński Ph.D., Ryszard Sałaciński Ph.D., Marta Michalska